This paper will discuss the Fair Trade model and the international market pressures placed on small producers in coffee producing regions often associated with high levels of poverty and corruption. The last sections will cover the impact of FT mechanisms on communities and cooperatives, and necessary reform that should be made to improve democracy and transparency in order to reduce the risk of human rights violations in the coffee industry.

Discussing the legal history of his native China in Waiting for the Dawn, Huang Zongxi describes a time when order was maintained without a centralized state power. Communities satisfied their needs by establishing systems of agriculture and education without the help of the government. Zongxi praises this functional and equitable system, and credits its unprecedented interruption to an attempt on behalf of emperors to further their own power. This account supports Zongxi’s main claim in Waiting for the Dawn: that leaders should favor decentralized government, empowering and educating communities to make decisions for themselves.

On February 29, 2016, Mumtaz Qadri was hanged in Rawalpindi’s Adiala Jail. This is a name that doubtless means a great deal to the people of Pakistan. In some, it triggers feelings of disgust and symbolizes a period of time when Pakistan had all but imploded thanks to religious extremism, but many others associate it with that of a hero who protected their religious sentiments from ungodly forces bent on maligning them.